Newspaper logo  
 
 
Local Stories, Events

Ref. : Civic Events

Ref. : Arts & Education Events

Ref. : Public Service Notices

Books, Films, Arts & Education
Letters

Ref. : Letters to the editor

Health Care & Environment

11.16 Scotland was first Industrialized Country to Run wholly on Wind in October

11.16 How pesticide bans can prevent tens of thousands of suicides a year [how many thousands more die early from eating pesticide-laced food?]

11.15  The long read:  The plastic backlash: what's behind our sudden rage – and will it make a difference? [the world wants to throw-up...]

11.15 Claws out: crab fishermen sue 30 oil firms over climate change [workers are waking-up...]

11.15 Trump administration to cut air pollution from heavy-duty trucks

11.14 Backed by Ocasio-Cortez, Youth Climate Activists Arrested in Pelosi's Office Demanding Democrats Embrace 'Green New Deal'

11.13 What would a smog-free city look like?

11.13 Global report highlights Australia’s renewables potential amid mixed signals for coal

11.13 Interior department whistleblower: Ryan Zinke hollowed out the agency

11.12  This Land is Your Land:  The Zinke effect: how the US interior department became a tool of industry [behaving ignorantly again...]

11.12 Planned Parenthood's new president warns of 'state of emergency' for women's health

11.11 Trump responds to worst fires in California’s history by threatening to withhold federal aid [behaving ignorantly again...]

11.11 Interior department sued for ‘secretive process’ in at-risk species assessment [behaving ignorantly again...]

11.11 Keystone XL pipeline: judge rules government 'jumped the gun' and orders halt [behaving ignorantly again...]

News Media Matters

Daily: FAIR Blog
The Daily Howler

US Politics, Policy & 'Culture'

11.16 As 'Green New Deal' Demand Grows, Democrats Have Choice: Confront and Defeat Fossil Fuel Industry or Take Credit for 'Doomed' Planet [Two choices: Save life-on-Earth or help Republicans let it die?]

11.16 Trump’s latest interview shows a president who’s in way over his head

11.16 Why the political fight in Georgia is far from over

11.16 Florida judge sides with Democrats, giving thousands a second chance to fix their ballots

11.15 Democrats Won Big. Can They Go Bold, Too? [it's about suppressing the influence and leadership by Republican-like Democrats who counsel 'íncremental' (no) change, such as Nancy Pelosi, Steny Hoyer, Hillary Clinton, Chuck Shumer and Joe Biden]

11.15 Pentagon Officials Forced to Make Fewer Public Appearances to Avoid Provoking Trump [...by revealing Trump's huuuge ignorance]

11.15 REPUBLICANS USED A BILL ABOUT WOLVES TO AVOID A VOTE ON YEMEN WAR [if there are 'defense industry' profits to be made—including congress-critter insider-trading—and political 'donations' to be had, we mustn't stop killing innocent civilians!]

11.15 Big Oil v the planet is the fight of our lives. Democrats must choose a side

11.14 The Real Florida Recount Fraud

11.14 Telling NRA #ThisIsOurLane, Doctors' Photos Show Blood-Soaked Reality of America's Gun Madness

11.14 At Freshman Orientation, Young and Growing Progressive Caucus Makes Clear It Will 'Fight Like Hell' for Bold Democratic Agenda

Justice Matters
High Crimes?

11.14 The Guardian view on Yemen’s misery: the west is complicit [WAR CRIMES]

Economics, Crony Capitalism

11.16 Amazon’s HQ2 Will Get a Tax Break Designed to Help the Poor [a Republican program that directly helps participating wealthy companies—but only helps workers if and when 'trickle-down' occurs.]

11.16 Trump doesn’t want to punish Saudi Arabia over Khashoggi. His new sanctions prove it. [George W. Bush made a similar immoral decision for the same oily reasons after 9-11, protecting Saudi defense contracts while facilitating the slaughter of poorer Arab "terrorists" in the region.]

11.15 The Earth is in a death spiral. It will take radical action to save us [fossil fuel burning, un-recyclable plastic production/use and methane gas release must cease ASAP.]

11.14 Brexit: May tells her cabinet, this is the deal – now back me

International & Futurism

11.15 Cuba to pull doctors out of Brazil after President-elect Bolsonaro comments [terms must be negotiated for fairness to Cuba's health professionals without disruption of healthcare for Brazil's poor]

11.14 'Appalling' Khashoggi audio shocked Saudi intelligence – Erdogan [Exposing a psychopath?]

11.14 Israel and Hamas launch hundreds of attacks in Gaza clash

11.14 Mueller seeking more details on Nigel Farage, key Russia inquiry target says

11.13 Austin's Fix for Homelessness: Tiny Houses, and Lots of Neighbors

11.13 Portugal Dared to Cast Aside Austerity. It’s Having a Major Revival.

11.13 Caravan marks one month on the road: ‘We keep on going, laughing or crying’

11.13 Letter Shows Einstein’s Prescient Concerns About ‘Dark Times’ in Germany

We are a non-profit Internet-only newspaper publication founded in 1973. Your donation is essential to our survival.

You can also mail a check to:
Baltimore News Network, Inc.
P.O. Box 42581
Baltimore, MD 21284-2581
Google
This site Web
  Bush's CIA Suspected of More Torture
Newspaper logo

COMMENTARY:

Bush's CIA Suspected of More Torture

by Jason Leopold
8 April 2009

The Bush administration may have abused or tortured many more detainees at secret CIA prisons than the 14 “high-value” terror suspects already known, the International Committee of the Red Cross said in a confidential report.

The 43-page ICRC report, dated Feb. 14, 2007, and published in full this week at the Web site for the New York Review of Books, cited a Sept. 6, 2006, speech by President George W. Bush saying “many” suspected terrorists held at secret CIA prisons “have been returned to their home countries for prosecution or detention by their governments” after it was determined they lacked intelligence value.

But the ICRC said the U.S. government had not disclosed where the detainees were sent, so the organization, which monitors international compliance with the Geneva Conventions and other human rights laws, could not determine the detainees’ fate or investigate their treatment in CIA custody.

Due to the “inhuman” treatment of the 14 known detainees, the ICRC said it “remains gravely concerned by the fact that a significant number of other persons have passed through this detention program and may have been subjected to similar, if not the same, conditions and treatment.”

Because the ICRC’s report is more than two years old – and because the ICRC still considers its contents confidential – it is not clear if the CIA has since provided more information on the whereabouts of those transferred detainees. The ICRC report noted that the organization – as of February 2007 – “has been able to begin discussions with the CIA on this question.”

However, documents that were released in other investigations reveal that the Bush administration conducted a kind of shell game with ICRC representatives to conceal the treatment and even the existence of some detainees.

Guantanamo Tricks

Last year, the Senate Armed Services Committee released dozens of pages of internal government documents related to the treatment of detainees and the conversations that preceded the implementation of “enhanced interrogation techniques” at the Guantanamo Bay prison, which was under the control of the Department of Defense.

One document was a copy of the minutes of an Oct. 2, 2002, meeting at which Lt. Col. Diane Beaver, then the chief military lawyer at Guantanamo whose responsibilities included working with the ICRC, discussed concealing abusive interrogation tactics when ICRC officials visited.

“We may need to curb the harsher operations while ICRC is around,” Beaver said, according to the minutes. “It is better not to expose them to any controversial techniques.”

“We have had many reports from Bagram [detention center in Afghanistan] about sleep deprivation being used,” responded Dave Becker of the Defense Intelligence Agency.

“True, but officially it is not happening,” Beaver said. “It is not being reported officially. The ICRC is a serious concern. They will be in and out, scrutinizing our operations, unless they are displeased and decide to protest and leave. This would draw a lot of negative attention.”

Jonathan Fredman, who was the chief counsel for the CIA's Counterterrorism Center, noted that the “the CIA is not held to the same rules as the military” when it comes to using aggressive techniques to interrogate detainees.

“In the past when the ICRC has made a big deal about certain detainees, the DOD has ‘moved’ them away from the attention of the ICRC,” Fredman said. “The Torture Convention prohibits torture and cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment. The US did not sign up on the second part, because of the 8th amendment (cruel and unusual punishment), but we did sign the part about torture. This gives us more license to use more controversial techniques.”

Beaver interjected: “We will need documentation to protect us.”

“Yes, if someone dies while aggressive techniques are being used, regardless of cause of death, the backlash of attention would be extremely detrimental. Everything must be approved and documented,” Fredman said.

Last year, during testimony before the Armed Services Committee, Beaver said she didn't recall her comments about stopping the harsh treatment of detainees when ICRC officials were present. In its legal arguments, the Bush administration insisted that the Geneva Conventions did not apply to suspected terrorists.

Medical Complicity

Another disclosure from the ICRC report, which was obtained by journalist Mark Danner, was the participation of medical officers in monitoring the torture of the “high-value” detainees, presumably to make sure they didn’t die before the interrogations were completed.

“The alleged participation of health personnel in the interrogation process and, either directly or indirectly, in the infliction of ill-treatment constituted a gross breach of medical ethics and, in some cases, amounted to participation in torture and/or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment,” the ICRC report said.

According to the minutes of the Oct. 2, 2002, discussion, the Bush administration also involved psychologists in the preparation of the “enhanced interrogation techniques.”

Psychologists Maj. John Leso and Maj. Burney of the Behavioral Science Consultation Team discussed use of the Survival, Evasion, Resistance, Escape (SERE) program for interrogating detainees. SERE was meant to prepare U.S. soldiers for abuse they might suffer if captured by an outlaw regime. Instead, it was reverse-engineered to provide interrogation tactics for the Bush administration.

Burney and Leso led a presentation on “SERE Psych Training,” the minutes showed.

When Beaver asked whether SERE employs the “wet towel technique,” otherwise known as waterboarding, Fredman, the CIA attorney, responded with a meticulous description of how the human body would react.

“If a well-trained individual is used to perform [sic] this technique it can feel like you're drowning,” Fredman said. “The lymphatic system will react as if you're suffocating, but your body will not cease to function. It is very effective to identify phobias and use them (i.e., insects, snakes, claustrophobia). The level of resistance is directly related to person's experience.”

Burney, the psychologist, then weighed in with a brief analysis of the psychological impact to the person subjected to the torture techniques.  “Whether or not significant stress occurs lies in the eye of the beholder,” Burney said.

When the minutes were sent to Mark Fallon, Deputy Commander at the Criminal Investigation Task Force (CITF), he remarked to a colleague that the Beaver-Fredman discussion "looks like the kinds of stuff Congressional hearings are made of."

“Quotes from LTC Beaver regarding things that are not being reported give the appearance of impropriety,” Fallon wrote in an e-mail obtained by the Senate Armed Services Committee. “Talk of ‘wet towel treatments’ which results in the lymphatic gland reacting as if you are suffocating, would in my opinion shock the conscience of any legal body looking at using the results of the interrogations or possibly even the interrogators. Someone needs to be considering how history will look back at this.”

The ICRC report essentially vindicates Fallon’s concern, depicting an ugly process in which the Bush administration subjected detainees to both pain and humiliation, from the waterboarding that created the panicked gag reflex of drowning to keeping the prisoners naked for long periods of time and causing them to soil themselves.

After questioning the "high-value" detainees separately, the ICRC wrote that “the allegations of the fourteen include descriptions of treatment and interrogation techniques — singly or in combination — that amounted to torture and/or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.”

The ICRC recommended that “U.S. authorities investigate all allegations of ill-treatment and take steps to punish the perpetrators, where appropriate, and to prevent such abuses from happening again.”

Calls for Investigations

The publication of the ICRC’s report led to renewed demands by human rights and civil liberties organizations that Attorney General Eric Holder appoint a special prosecutor with the mandate to launch a criminal inquiry.

“It's imperative that the Justice Department appoint an independent prosecutor to conduct a criminal investigation,” said Jameel Jaffer, Director of the ACLU National Security Project. “Government officials who violated the law should not be shielded from investigation. Transparency and accountability are critical to the restoration of the rule of law."

Other calls were made for professional organizations to enforce their own ethical standards.

"It is time for the American Medical Association, the American Psychological Association, and others to demand a nonpartisan commission to investigate these crimes," said Frank Donaghue, Chief Executive Officer of Physicians for Human Rights (PHR). "The associations must sanction any of their membership found to have violated their professional ethics.”

Last year, PHR published a report, “Broken Laws, Broken Lives,” that concluded that 11 former detainees held in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantánamo Bay were systematically tortured. The prisoners were later released and were never charged with any crimes. PHR’s medical representatives evaluated the detainees and found instances of “medical complicity in torture.”

One former Abu Ghraib detainee known only as Hafez told PHR that his arm was dislocated during an abusive interrogation. He said an individual whom he believed was a doctor, put his arm back in place and told the interrogators to "continue."

In February, at a conference for medical professionals, PHR officials presented Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse, D-Rhode Island, with a petition signed by attendees calling on Congress to form a committee to probe the torture of prisoners detained in the “war on terror.”

"The Bush Administration weaponized medicine by using health professionals to break the bodies and minds of detainees," John Bradshaw, PHR's Washington director, said about the new evidence of medical personnel collaborating in torture. "Congress must act to restore medical ethics by finally authorizing a non-partisan commission to probe these crimes."

Similar concerns have been raised about the Bush administration’s twisting of legal standards in securing clearance from the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel to abuse detainees.

Sen. Whitehouse has been leading the charge for the release of a Justice Department watchdog report that is said to be highly critical of attorneys John Yoo, Jay Bybee and Steven Bradbury, who helped create the legal framework for the Bush administration’s torture policies.


Jason Leopold has launched his own Web site, The Public Record, at www.pubrecord.org.

This article is republished in the Baltimore Chronicle with permission of the author.



Copyright © 2009 The Baltimore News Network. All rights reserved.

Republication or redistribution of Baltimore Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without their prior written consent.

Baltimore News Network, Inc., sponsor of this web site, is a nonprofit organization and does not make political endorsements. The opinions expressed in stories posted on this web site are the authors' own.

This story was published on April 8, 2009.

 

Public Service Ads: