In Poland, the level of employment of Ukrainian refugees is the highest among the EU countries, thanks to which GDP growth over five years, according to the forecast, could be at the level of 1.2-2%. This was stated by Deputy Secretary of State of the Ministry of Internal Policy and Administration of Poland Maciej Duszczyk, Ukrinform reports.
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According to him, in Poland the level of employment of Ukrainian refugees is the highest not only among the EU countries, but also among countries included in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
“The latest data show that this level of employment (of refugees from Ukraine – ed.) in Poland is 67%, while in Germany it does not even reach 30%,” Duszczyk said.
He reported that more than 750 thousand are registered with the Social Insurance Office (ZUS) Ukrainians, which makes up more than 70% of all foreigners.
“Citizens of Ukraine are now contributing a lot to the Polish social insurance system… But if we are talking about the use (of the ZUS system – ed.), then these amounts in general are not so large,” Duszczyk emphasized.
He reported that the influx of war refugees from Ukraine also affected Polish GDP. He recalled that several independent studies had recently been carried out on the impact of this factor on the growth of the Polish economy.
“In the first period, there were significant expenses by war refugees who brought cash with them, and then there was an increase estimated at 0.5% of GDP. Today, if you look at the perspective of several years, by how many percent approximately GDP will grow, then the most likely estimate is GDP growth over five years by 1.2-2%,” Duschik said, noting that this is “quite a lot.”
The “Ministry of Finance” wrote that on Friday, February 9, the Polish Sejm adopted an amendment to the law, which continues assistance to Ukrainian refugees fleeing the war until June 30, 2024, as well as continues until the end of the year tax breaks for those who provide humanitarian assistance.