This information was reported by the NewScientist resource, reports URA-Inform.
Scientists suggest that the natural factors that made 2023 unusually warm may increase the trend in 2024. Adam Scaife from the UK Met Office says the forces leading to a strong El Niño amid global warming are creating an unprecedented situation.
Average global temperatures in 2023 were approximately 1.4°C above pre-industrial levels measured between 1850 and 1900. This exceeded the previous record in 2016 by more than 0.1°C, equivalent to five years of global warming.
An additional factor influencing the record was the transition to warmer El Niño conditions in the Pacific after three years of colder La Niña. Historically, El Niño has been known to have its greatest warming impact in the year after its occurrence, intensifying in December and January.
Omar Baddour of the World Meteorological Organization notes that El Niño is usually accompanied by extreme events in various parts of the world. Scaife adds, pointing to the impact of abnormally high temperatures in the North Atlantic Ocean and a volcanic eruption in 2022 that released water vapor into the atmosphere. These factors may continue to influence the heat in 2024, making it extreme weather conditions.
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