Photo: mobilization rules in Ukraine will change (Getty Images) Author: Irina Gamerskaya
A new bill on mobilization in Ukraine was registered in the Rada late in the evening of December 25. Now parliamentarians will work on it, ahead of consideration in committees and voting in two readings.
RBC-Ukraine dealt with the main innovations of the new bill and provides a brief retelling below.
It should be noted that the text of the bill, which is only being discussed, is now available on the parliament’s website. After the adoption of the document, the law will come into force in a month, with the exception of certain parts.
Thus, among the innovations of the new bill:
- change of conscription age from 27 to 25 years,
- military after captivity – 90 days of leave,
- involving administrative service centers, employment centers and recruiting centers in recruiting for military service,
- basic military service for persons from 18 to 25 years old,
- basic combined arms training, which is included in the curricula of universities of all forms of ownership as a separate academic discipline.
The powers of village, town and city councils now include, in particular:
- ensuring the organization of conscription,
- ensuring the maintenance of personal primary military records of conscripts on the territory of populated areas,
- notification and ensuring the arrival of citizens involved in the performance of mobilization duties, equipment to assembly points and military units,
- ensuring the planning and conduct of mobilization preparation, mobilization and demobilization activities on the territory of the relevant settlements.
Subpoenas and email
In case of receiving a summons to the TCC, the citizen is obliged to appear at the place and time specified in it. What should be on the agenda:
- last name, first name and date of birth
- name of the TCC that issued the summons
- purpose of the call
- place, day and time of appearance on call
- signature (electronic digital signature) of the official who issued (generated) the summons
- summons registration number
- an explanation of the consequences of failure to appear and the obligation to report the reasons for failure to appear.
A subpoena can be served: where and by whom
- in the premises of the TCC – representatives of the TCC
- at the place of residence – TCC representatives or police officers;
- at work – TCC representatives, employer or police officer;
- in public places – TCC representatives or police officers.
!!! A summons to the TCC can be sent to a citizen through the electronic account of a conscript, a member liable for military service and a reservist, or by email.
Valid reasons for non-arrival on a summons include an obstacle of a natural nature, illness, or death of a close relative.
During mobilization, citizens of Ukraine aged 18 to 60 years, registered or removed from military registration, are required to have a military registration document with them and present it at the request of a TCC representative or a police officer. During the document check, a representative of the TCC or a police officer can conduct photo and video recording and use equipment with access to the register of conscripts.
In particular, the following have the right to deferment:
- women and men who have three or more children under 18 years of age,
- women and men raising a child (children) under the age of 18 on their own,
- persons with a disability of group I or II, or who have a wife (spouse) or one of the parents from among persons with a disability of group I or II,
- women and men with a child (children) under the age of 18 and a husband (wife) doing military service,
- women on maternity leave for up to 3 years (if necessary – up to 6),
- pregnant women,
- current people's deputies and deputies of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
As for students, under the new bill, applicants for vocational (vocational), vocational higher and higher education who study full-time or dual forms of education and receive a level of education that is higher than previously received in one specialty (specialty) are not subject to conscription under the new bill.
Dismissal from service
During martial law, contract service for persons from 18 to 25 years old is one year.
Grounds for dismissal from service for military conscripts , in particular:
- release from captivity
- election as people's deputy, deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
- expiration of service – in case of continuous service during martial law for 36 months.
Mobilized persons are dismissed from service, including in the following cases:
- in case of reaching the age limit for military service,
- for health,
- on the basis of the VLK’s conclusion on unsuitability for military service (possibly with a review in 6-12 months),
- if you have a disability of group I or II,
- in connection with the entry into force of a court conviction, which has been sentenced to imprisonment or restriction of freedom,
- for family reasons,
- in connection with the implementation of organizational measures in the intelligence agencies of Ukraine,
- in connection with the release from captivity,
- due to staff reductions,
- in connection with the election as a people's deputy of Ukraine, deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
- in connection with the end of service – in the case of continuous service during martial law for 36 months.
Military registration and restrictions
The bill stipulates that a military registration document will be generated in electronic form for each conscript, person liable for military service and reservist. At the same time , the rule according to which military records of Ukrainian citizens permanently residing abroad are not kept is excluded.
In addition, it will be required that conscripts, those liable for military service and reservists who left their place of residence, within seven days from the date of registration of IDPs, register with the military at their location.
Another proposal is that convicts can be called up for military service, except for those who have committed crimes against the fundamentals of national security, as well as crimes provided for in Articles 401 – 414, 426 – 433, 436, 437 – 442 of the Criminal Code.
Consular services in foreign diplomatic institutions of Ukraine for Ukrainian men aged 18 to 60 years who are conscripts, military personnel or reservists are provided with military registration documents. The consulate checks the authenticity of military registration documents. The exception is the preparation of documents for return to Ukraine, assistance to children, registration of inheritance, services on applications of detainees, as well as in the event of a threat to the life and health of a citizen.
In conditions of martial law , the issuance of a Ukrainian or international passport abroad for male citizens of Ukraine aged 18 to 60 years is carried out provided that they have military registration documents.
Restriction for draft evaders
According to the proposals, draft dodgers will be included in the Unified Register of Debtors, and the following restrictions will be applied to them:
- ban on traveling abroad,
- ban on transactions with movable and immovable property,
- restrictions on the right to drive your own vehicle and obtain a driver’s license,
- restriction of the right to use and dispose of funds and other valuables,
- refusal to conclude a credit agreement, loan agreement,
- suspension of receiving benefits and services from the state.
Such restrictions will be terminated upon notification from the head of the TCC about the exclusion of a person liable for military service from the Unified Register of Debtors.