• 24/04/2024 15:29

What to do if your stomach hurts?

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Stomach pain — a common symptom that can be caused by various reasons.

These include gastrointestinal diseases – gastritis, peptic ulcer, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, hiatal hernia, intestinal obstruction.

It could also be food poisoning (eating low-quality or expired foods), allergies (the body’s reaction to certain foods), taking certain medications (they can cause side effects such as stomach pain), stress and other reasons (pregnancy, illness). other organs, helminthic infestations).

A Kiev gastroenterologist will tell you in more detail after examination and additional examination how to relieve stomach pain. There are these types of stomach pain:

  • spicy. They appear suddenly and can be very strong. Reasons — ulcer, gastritis, pancreatitis, food poisoning, etc.;
  • dull. They whine, burn or press. Can be caused by gastritis, cholecystitis, hiatal hernia;
  • hungry. Occurs a couple of hours after eating, especially in the presence of an ulcer or gastritis;
  • night. They wake up the patient at night due to the presence of concomitant diseases.

If your stomach hurts, a gastroenterologist will tell you what to do, he will determine the cause of the pain and prescribe treatment after examination and based on test results.

Навигация

Causes of stomach pain

Different reasons can lead to the appearance of stomach pain, namely:

  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • food poisoning;
  • allergic reactions;
  • taking certain medications;
  • stress;
  • pregnancy;
  • chronic diseases, etc.
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Diet can affect the stomach and cause pain. For example, the wrong foods (spicy, fatty, fried, smoked, pickled) irritate the gastric mucosa, which can lead to pain, heartburn, nausea, and vomiting.

Strong broths, sauces, and spices stimulate the secretion of gastric juice , which can also cause unpleasant pain. Fresh vegetables and fruits, which contain coarse fiber, have a negative effect on the stomach. Drinking alcohol, carbonated drinks, and coffee can lead to pain.

Failure to comply with the diet is another cause of pain, hunger, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, etc.

What to do if you have stomach pain: home remedies for relief pain

Rational nutrition plays an important role in reducing stomach pain.

Basic principles:

  • food should be gentle: boiled, stewed or steamed, warm, mashed;
  • Spicy, fatty, fried, smoked, pickled foods, strong broths, sauces, spices, fresh vegetables and fruits, alcohol, carbonated drinks, coffee should be excluded from the diet;
  • diet regimen: split meals 5-6 times per day, you should not overeat, you need to chew food thoroughly;
  • drinking regimen: sufficient amount of liquid (1.5-2 liters per day).

It is recommended to include diet foods rich in fiber that neutralize hydrochloric acid (milk, cream, jelly) and stimulate mucus production (oatmeal, jelly).

Herbal teas (chamomile, mint, fennel) and tinctures of calendula or propolis will help relieve stomach pain. Other drinks are jelly, freshly squeezed potato juice and still mineral water.

If you have stomach pain: what to do, treatment and recommendations from a gastroenterologist< /h2>

Important – you should not self-medicate, and if you have stomach pain, you should make an appointment with a gastroenterologist. He will conduct an examination and prescribe an examination.

According to indications, the following medications may be prescribed:

  • antacids (Maalox, Almagel, Gaviscon);
  • antispasmodics (No-shpa, Drotaverine, Papaverine);
  • antiemetics (Cerucal, Motilium, Reglan);
  • probiotics (Linex, Bifidumbacterin, Lactobacterin);
  • painkillers (Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, Analgin).
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    If stomach pain occurs, you should consult a doctor who will conduct a comprehensive examination to determine the cause.

    The main diagnostic methods are medical history, physical examination, laboratory and instrumental studies. 

    The doctor will ask about the nature, duration, location of pain, the presence of associated symptoms (nausea, vomiting, heartburn, belching, diarrhea, constipation ), about nutrition, lifestyle, and the presence of diseases in close relatives.

    Physical examination — palpation of the abdomen, auscultation, examination. Laboratory research — general and biochemical analysis of blood, urine, coprogram, for Helicobacter pylori.

    Instrumental studies — gastroscopy affordable price, ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging.

    Ultrasound is a safe and painless research method that allows you to obtain an image of the abdominal organs. CT is an x-ray examination that allows you to obtain layer-by-layer images. And MRI — a research method based on the use of a magnetic field and radio waves.

    Depending on the examination results, the doctor will make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe an effective treatment plan.

    < strong>Prevention of stomach pain

    Regular preventive examinations with a gastroenterologist allow you to identify diseases at an early stage and begin treatment in a timely manner.

    If you have diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, you should follow the recommendations doctor for treatment and nutrition (regularly take medications prescribed by your doctor).

    A healthy lifestyle is also important — quitting smoking, losing weight, physical activity, avoiding stress.

    Smoking negatively affects the gastric mucosa and can lead to the development of peptic ulcers, gastritis and other diseases. Physical activity improves the functioning of the digestive system.

    By following these simple tips, you can keep your stomach healthy and avoid pain. If you experience unpleasant symptoms, you should make an appointment with a specialist.

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