Newspaper logo  
 
 
Local Gov’t Stories, Events

08.15 RIDE FOR THE OVERRIDE

Ref. : Civic Events

Ref. : Arts & Education Events

Ref. : Public Service Notices

01.17 Trump’s nominee to head EPA has opposed the Chesapeake Bay cleanup

01.15 Stoop stories

Travel
Books, Films, Arts & Education

01.18 Civil Rights Advocates Concerned That Betsy DeVos Will Not Stand Up for All Children

01.18 Matt Taibbi's New Book: 'Insane Clown President'

Letters

Ref. : Letters to the editor

Health Care & Environment

01.18 500+ Groups Urge Senators: 'Use All Your Power' to Block Anti-Environment Pruitt

01.18 WYOMING IS BASICALLY TRYING TO OUTLAW CLEAN ENERGY [greed by the rich trumps health for all]

01.18 Exxon doubling Permian Basin holdings in U.S. for up to $6.6 billion [preparations are in place to quickly maximize fossil fuel extraction, pollution and life-threatening greed]

01.17 Water-energy-food: can leaders at Davos solve this global conundrum? [easy! renewable energy doesn't use any water!!!]

01.16 At Scott Pruitt’s Confirmation Hearing, Science Will Be on Trial

01.16 New studies show Rex Tillerson is wrong about climate risks

01.15 Bernie Sanders Shreds Fellow Democrats Who Voted with Big Pharma

01.14 Dow Chemical Wants Farmers to Keep Using a Pesticide Linked to Autism and ADHD [serious]

01.14 ‘The last five years have not been great at Greenpeace’

01.14 Patagonia, Black Diamond take on Utah officials over public land rights [if there is a way to screw the public, Republicans are working on it...]

01.14 All north Indian cities fail to meet air quality standards, report finds

News Media Matters

Daily: FAIR Blog
The Daily Howler

US Politics, Policy & 'Culture'

01.18 Who are the three-quarters of adult Americans who didn't vote for Trump? [demographic charts]

01.18 How Barack Obama paved the way for Donald Trump

01.17 Democrats Lost in a Corporate Wilderness

01.17 Actually Mr. Trump, Turns Out Americans 'Care a Lot' About Your Tax Returns

01.17 Despite Growing Disapproval and Protest, Corporate Cash Floods Trump Inauguration

01.16 Trump, and the world, readies for a ‘leap into the dark’

01.16 Democrats sweat Clinton vs. Sanders rift

01.16 JOHN LEWIS, DONALD TRUMP, AND THE MEANING OF LEGITIMACY

01.16 Trump’s Team Is Shaping Up to Be Dangerously Incoherent

Justice Matters

01.18 Obama commutes sentence for political prisoner Oscar López Rivera

01.18 Chelsea Manning's prison sentence commuted by Barack Obama

High Crimes?
Economics, Crony Capitalism

01.18 Middle classes in crisis, IMF's Christine Lagarde tells Davos 2017

01.17 The economics of corporate crime [white-collar crime must be more effectively regulated, prosecuted and fined to be deterrent]

01.16 The Trump Deficit

01.16 World's eight richest people have same wealth as poorest 50%

01.12 Nation's First "For-Profit President" as Trump Refuses To Divest

01.11 The Age of Trump

01.10 Jeremy Corbyn calls for maximum wage law

International

01.18 ILO warns of rise in social unrest and migration as inequality widens

01.17 Rex Tillerson’s ExxonMobil Frequently Sought State Department Assistance, New Documents Show

01.17 Trump’s Remaking of US Foreign Policy

01.17 'Europe's fate is in our hands': Angela Merkel's defiant reply to Trump

01.17 Warning: Europe is entering a permanent state of emergency

01.17 The dark side of Britain’s gold rush: how corruption crept into our suburbs

01.17 UK counter-terror laws most Orwellian in Europe, says Amnesty

01.16 Lessons from Germany for Integrating Refugees

01.16 The world needs a new strategy to tackle the migration crisis

We are a non-profit Internet-only newspaper publication founded in 1973. Your donation is essential to our survival.

You can also mail a check to:
Baltimore News Network, Inc.
P.O. Box 42581
Baltimore, MD 21284-2581
Google
This site Web
  Bush Administration Health Care Policy in Three Rules
Newspaper logo

Health Care:

Bush Administration Health Care Policy in Three Rules

by John Hickman

Unfortunately, knowing these three rules is merely palliative care. A cure would require rebuilding our health care system to make meeting the needs of all Americans its central purpose.
Do you ever experience dizziness or nausea when thinking about the current administration’s health care policy? You are not alone. Millions of your fellow Americans are similarly afflicted. The reason you and they have that sea-sick feeling is that the ground really does shift depending on which part of the health care policy domain one observes. Although it won’t make the administration’s various decisions and pronouncements about health care any more reasonable or consistent, the following treatment may help to reduce the symptoms. All you have to do is remember the following three rules.

Rule 1: If sexual reproduction or pleasure is implicated or if the individuals most affected are relatively few or relatively powerless, then the decision-making mode is moralistic and the value to be maximized is ‘dignity.’ For example, when President Bush proclaimed January 21, 2007 to be National Sanctity of Human Life Day, he stated that the “dignity and humanity of every person should be respected” and that we should “value human life in all forms, not just those considered healthy, wanted, or convenient.” He wasn’t talking about reducing the infant mortality rate in the United States to that of the other OECD countries but was instead rewarding the anti-abortion movement with yet another largely symbolic gesture in return for their tireless mobilization of voters for Republican candidates. Protecting ‘dignity’ was also the rationale offered for Bush’s April 11, 2007 threat to veto the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2007, which he did on June 20, 2007.

The obvious problem with using ‘dignity’ to justify a health policy decision, or any public policy decision for that matter, is that it is a religious-philosophical abstraction.
The obvious problem with using ‘dignity’ to justify a health policy decision, or any public policy decision for that matter, is that it is a religious-philosophical abstraction. The empirical evidence for ‘dignity’ is no better than that for the ‘soul’ or the ‘sacred.’ Conservatives deploy ‘dignity’ when they want to avoid difficult discussions about the assumptions and interests underlying their policy preferences. The less obvious problem with ‘dignity’ is that whatever it means, everyone must deserve it in equal measure. That’s a problem because society values individual human lives unequally. The priorities assigned to waiting transplant recipients or the quality of medical care given the insured and uninsured leave no doubt that some human lives are valued more than others.

Rule 2: If most of the population is involved and the profitability of the medical industry is at stake, then the decision-making mode is economic and the value to be maximized is ‘capitalism.’ Of course that word isn’t used to identify the favored value. Nor is the word ‘socialism’ used much to describe its opposite. Both words carry too much ideological mana* to be used. Instead the administration prefers the safer words ‘private’ and ‘government.’ For example, in his struggle to under-fund the State Children's Health Insurance Program or SCHIP, Bush complained on September 21, 2007 that legislation passed by Democrats would transfer “millions of American children who now have private health insurance into government-run health care; and is an incremental step toward a government-run health care system.”

That is the sort of language the medical insurance companies and private hospital chains, entities that have grown enormously rich parasitizing American health care consumers, love to hear. And it ought to be the sort of language loathed by those same consumers. Although medical care comprises a larger part of the economy of the United States than that of the other advanced industrial societies, our national medical statistics are actually often poorer. According to the OECD, health care provision was 15.3% of total gross domestic product in the United States in 2005, while the average among 26 OECD countries was only 9%. If that extravagance actually bought Americans better health care outcomes then it might be understandable. Unfortunately it does not. Life expectancy is lower and the infant mortality rate higher in the United States than the OECD averages. What explains this economic inefficiency? The ironic answer is that much more of the health care provision in the United States is provided by profit-making firms than in the other OECD countries. Our more capitalist health care system delivers typically mediocre health care less efficiently than the more socialist health care systems of the other OECD countries.

The Department of Health and Human Services issued a document on Oct. 17 that presents the formulae for bureaucratic allocation of vaccine in the event of a serious pandemic. The bottom line is that, in the event of a deadly outbreak, some of us will be valued more than others.
Rule 3: If the state itself is threatened then the decision-making mode is bureaucratic and values to be maximized are the continuity of government and the safety of its elites. Rarely invoked, at least so publicly, this rule is evident in the "Draft Guidance on Allocating and Targeting Pandemic Influenza Vaccine" issued on October 17, 2007 by the Department of Health and Human Services. Dispensing with ‘dignity’ or the ‘private’ sector health care, this document presents the formulae for bureaucratic allocation in the event of a serious pandemic. The bottom line is that, in the event of a deadly outbreak, some of us will be valued more than others and their chances of survival enhanced by being treated from available vaccine stocks and the rest will have to take their chances. The document discusses influenza, but it is easy to see this as the basic blueprint for a pathogen much nastier.

In the five-tier "severe pandemic" scenario, government leaders, those serving in deployed units of the military and security services (including its private sector components), police, fire and rescue services, and critical healthcare personnel would be given the highest priority. So too would pregnant women, infants and toddlers. In the second tier would be the rest of the military, the National Guard, intelligence services, and people working to maintain communications and utilities. In the third tier would be people working in critical infrastructure such as the post office and the food, drug, and banking industries. The elderly and those with high-risk health conditions would comprise the fourth tier and the remaining population of healthy people 19 to 64 years of age would be last in line.

Although it makes sense that priority would be given to military, police, fire, rescue and medical personnel who might serve on the front lines of a pandemic that would threaten the social order, the categories appear generously broad when it comes to the personnel of the state and its best friends. Would White House speechwriters, FEMA officials, and Blackwater USA executives have tickets in the first tier? Would Comcast and Eli Lilly executives find themselves in the second tier and Fannie Mae accountants in the third? Picture what would happen if political appointees of the Bush administration were given discretionary authority to interpret membership in the tiers.

Note that these three rules are not like rock, paper and scissors. Should they ever come into conflict, capitalism would trump dignity and the continuity of government and the safety of elites would trump capitalism. But dignity trumps nothing. Unfortunately, knowing these three rules is merely palliative care. A cure would require rebuilding our health care system to make meeting the needs of all Americans its central purpose.


John Hickman is associate professor of comparative politics at Berry College in Rome, Georgia. His published work on electoral politics, media, and international affairs has appeared in Asian Perspective, American Politics Research, Comparative State Politics, Contemporary South Asia, Contemporary Strategy, Current Politics and Economics of Asia, East European Quarterly, Journal of Southern Europe and the Balkans, Jouvert, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Political Science, Review of Religious Research, Women & Politics, and Yamanashigakuin Law Review. He may be reached at jhickman@berry.edu.


Copyright © 2007 The Baltimore Chronicle. All rights reserved.

Republication or redistribution of Baltimore Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without their prior written consent.

This story was published on November 5, 2007.
 

Public Service Ads: