Newspaper logo  
 
 
Bookmark and Share
Local News & Opinion

Ref. : Civic Events

Ref. : Arts & Education Events

Ref. : Public Service Notices

Travel
Books, Films, Arts & Education
Letters
Open Letters:

Ref. : Letters to the editor

Health Care & Environment

04.23 American Masters: A Fierce Green Fire - Full Film

04.23 New map could refocus California's pollution battles

04.23 How Medicaid forces the disabled to be poor (but some bipartisan help is on the way).

04.23 These maps tell you everything that’s wrong with our drug pricing system

04.23 Eight major UK renewable energy projects receive government backing

04.23 The Change Within: The Obstacles We Face Are Not Just External

04.22 Apple: climate change is real and it's a real problem [1:50 video]

04.22 The Toxins That Threaten Our Brains

04.22 Meaningful Activities Protect the Brain From Depression

04.21 Saving Planet Earth & Stop Climate Change - Full Documentary

04.21 Corn biofuels worse than gasoline on global warming in short term – study

04.21 Conservative heavyweights have solar industry in their sights

04.21 Telltale Rainbow Sheens Show Thousands Of Spills Across The Gulf

04.21 ROUGH FORECASTS

04.21 CHEMICAL VALLEY

04.20 Has Al Gore been Vindicated? The Former VP speaks out on Climate Menace In Hawaii

04.20 Far More Asteroids Have Hit The Earth Than We Thought, Astronauts Say

News Media

Daily FAIR Blog
The Daily Howler

Justice Matters

04.23 LOCKED UP IN AMERICA [stories & documentary videos]

04.19 Obama's First-Amendment Defense of Political Liars

US Politics, Policy & Culture

04.23 The American Middle Class Is No Longer the World’s Richest [graphs]

04.23 Moving in with parents becomes more common for the middle-aged

04.23 What you’d need to make in every county in America to afford a decent one-bedroom [maps]

04.22 Housing Secretary: “the worst rental affordability crisis that this country has ever known”

04.22 America's Coming Manufacturing Revolution

04.20 The mentality of J Edgar Hoover’s FBI undergirds today’s surveillance state

04.20 Scientists Successfully Teach Monkey Theory of Evolution

04.18 G.O.P. Discovers Useful Voter Outreach Tool: Gun Sweepstakes

04.18 9 Maps that Show How The GOP is Destroying Southern States

High Crimes?
Economics, Crony Capitalism

04.22 Why Economist Thomas Piketty Has Scared the Pants Off the American Right

04.22 Why Corporations Fail to Do the Right Thing

04.20 Banks Cling to Bundles Holding Risk

04.20 Wall Street deregulation pushed by Clinton advisers, documents reveal

04.20 Abigail Field: Our Corrupt Tax Code

04.19 Bill Moyers on America’s Mad Dash Toward Oligarchy [2:56 video]

04.19 What the 1% Don’t Want You to Know [24:30 video w/ transcript]

04.19 Casinos and Offshore Gaming Sites Furiously Battle Over Billions in Gambling Revenue

04.18 Salvation Gets Cheap

04.18 Inequality and the Inevitable Collapse

04.18 Privatization is a Ramp for Corruption and Insouciance is a Ramp for War

International

04.23 US warns Russia over Ukraine as Moscow announces military exercises

04.23 North Korean health system crumbling as shortages and sanctions bite

04.22 North Korea: the new generation losing faith in the regime<

04.22 The Future of Europe: An Interview with George Soros

04.22 Exodus Of Japan Inc. Slams China

04.21 Cheer up – a renewed left is coming

04.20 Celebrating Easter? Which Contradicting Biblical Account of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection Are You Going to Pick?

04.19 5 Things to Know About How Corporations Block Access to Everything from Miracle Drugs to Science Research

04.18 Ukraine crisis: Deal to 'de-escalate' agreed in Geneva

We are a non-profit Internet-only newspaper publication founded in 1973. Your donation is essential to our survival.

You can also mail a check to:
Baltimore News Network, Inc.
P.O. Box 42581
Baltimore, MD 21284-2581
Google
This site Web
  UNODC Makes the Case for Ending Cannabis Prohibition--Inadvertently
Newspaper logo

THE UNITED NATIONS' 2006 WORLD DRUG REPORT:

UNODC Makes the Case for Ending Cannabis Prohibition—Inadvertently

by JOHN HICKMAN
That “news coverage” is often nothing more than regurgitated news releases is hardly news. But completely missing a big story is news.
Official documents issued by the United Nations are often dull enough to induce sleep. Despite dealing with the most important of policy issues, U.N. documents normally rival the official publications of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development or the Federal Register as soporifics. Begin reading any randomly selected document issued by one of the many U.N. departments and offices and before long your eyes will probably glaze over and sleep softly beckon. That’s probably why the world press missed the chance to report that the United Nations Office of Drug Control, or UNODC, had inadvertently made the case for ending cannabis prohibition in its 2006 World Drug Report.

What the world press did report was what they were told to report. Rather than actually bother to read the 420 pages of the recently issued 2006 report, reporters gathered their information entirely from the short September 12, 2006 press release issued by the office of UNODC Executive Director Antonio Maria Costa. They dutifully treated the 59% increase in Afghani opium cultivation and the UNODC chief’s demand for robust military action to destroy it as the important news story.

That “news coverage” is often nothing more than regurgitated news releases is hardly news, of course. But completely missing a big story is news.

Granted, this year’s 6,100-ton Afghani opium harvest does deserve public attention. Poppy farmers in the southern provinces of Afghanistan have produced a bumper crop that will result in more heroin for sale around the world, and their runaway success signals the incompetence of the President Hamid Karzai’s government in Kabul. This is bad news, but hardly surprising news. Afghanistan watchers remember the jaw-dropping increase in opium production reported two years ago in the UNODC’s Afghanistan Opium Survey 2004. That too indicated nation-building in Afghanistan was a bust.

Had a single member of the world press read the ironically entitled “Cannabis: Why We Should Care” section in the middle of the 2006 World Drug Report, they might have scooped their colleagues with the discovery that the report’s authors had inadvertently laid out a convincing case for ending prohibition. After offering a plaintive appeal to treat cannabis cultivation and consumption as serious problems, this section of the report systematically undermines the logic of doing so.

After stipulating that cannabis is a relatively harmless and inexpensive intoxicant, the report presents statistics that the drug is grown and consumed everywhere and in very impressive quantities. Based on public polling data from 134 countries, the report explains that an estimated 4% of humanity enjoys the planet’s most popular illicit drug. There are good reasons to think that figure is an undercount. The authors admit that their estimates of quantities consumed make the 4% figure too low. What is more, given the entirely understandable reluctance of respondents in many societies to answer pollsters' questions about their illicit drug use, the survey's findings are probably too conservative. For example, only 3.5% of the respondents in a 2003 poll in Cambodia and only 1.1% of the respondents in a 2002 poll in Mexico said they used cannabis. Something about those numbers smells funny.

Still, 4% of humanity is 162 million people. To see that in perspective, note that if cannabis users comprised a single nation, it would have the sixth largest national population on the planet.

The highest rates of cannabis use are reported in Oceania. Papua New Guinea tops the list of countries with 29.5% of the population using cannabis, followed closely by Micronesia with 29.1%. The lowest rates are reported in East Asia. Only 0.1% of the Japanese and 0.5% of Taiwanese reportedly indulge.

After Oceania, the next highest rates were reported in North America, followed by West Africa and the Caribbean. Interestingly, the percentage range for the Anglo-Saxon countries is narrow. Canadians and Britons admit to using cannabis at rates of 16.8% and 10.8% respectively, with Australians, New Zealanders and Americans falling in between.

Presentation of cross-national price data and discussions of quality in the text seem to suggest that the authors might have intended to undermine the appeal to take prohibition more seriously. For example, readers learn that the herb is pricey in Japan, at almost $35 per gram, but relatively inexpensive in Kazakhstan, where “as much as 400,000 hectares of cannabis grow wild.” “Swaziland is known for producing high-quality cannabis,” according to the report, while, “Malawi is...world renowned for the quality of its cannabis.”

The authors go on to describe cannabis as an industry that is both enormous in scale and extraordinarily decentralized. The North America market may be worth anywhere from $10 billion to $60 billion annually. That’s a difference equivalent to the gross national incomes of either Nigeria or Ukraine. What’s more, nearly all of this cultivation takes place on small concealed plots so numerous that suppression of cultivation is futile.

In a world challenged by mass poverty, global warming, nuclear proliferation, and Islamist terrorism, what sense does it make to expend scarce government resources on enforcing the unenforceable?
Confronted with the evidence that a relatively inexpensive and harmless recreational drug continues to be consumed by at least 1 in 25 people on the planet, and that it is supplied by a vast army of small growers the value of whose total economic activity is enormous, ought to make even the most diehard pot prohibitionist hesitate. Cannabis prohibition is a failed policy. In a world challenged by mass poverty, global warming, nuclear proliferation, and Islamist terrorism, what sense does it make to expend scarce government resources on enforcing the unenforceable?

Unless you are member of the world press, the answer is obvious. If you are a member of the world press, you’ll have to wait for the press release.
John Hickman is associate professor of comparative politics at Berry College in Rome, Georgia. His published work on electoral politics, media, and international affairs has appeared in Asian Perspective, American Politics Research, Comparative State Politics, Contemporary South Asia, Contemporary Strategy, Current Politics and Economics of Asia, East European Quarterly, Journal of Southern Europe and the Balkans, Jouvert, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Political Science, Review of Religious Research, Women & Politics, and Yamanashigakuin Law Review. He may be reached at jhickman@berry.edu.



Copyright © 2006 The Baltimore Chronicle. All rights reserved.

Republication or redistribution of Baltimore Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without their prior written consent.

This story was published on September 15, 2006.
 


Public Service Ads: