Newspaper logo  
 
 
Local News & Opinion

Ref. : Civic Events

Ref. : Arts & Education Events

Ref. : Public Service Notices

Travel
Books, Films, Arts & Education

07.22 The New Yorker Is Temporarily Making All Of Its Archives Free; Here Are 8 Stories You Should Read

07.21 Why Poor Schools Can’t Win at Standardized Testing

Letters
Open Letters:

Ref. : Letters to the editor

Health Care & Environment

07.23 Germany, UK and Poland top ‘dirty 30’ list of EU coal-fired power stations

07.23 The strange relationship between global warming denial and... speaking English [chart]

07.23 Great Barrier Reef contaminated by toxic coal dust, inquiry told

07.23 Chinese city sealed off after bubonic plague death

07.22 California Halts Injection of Fracking Waste, Warning it May Be Contaminating Aquifers

07.22 Paterson's 'green blob' tirade reveals the right's problem with climate change

07.22 Climate models accurately predicted global warming when reflecting natural ocean cycles

07.22 HIV breakthrough reveals virus hidden in immune system cells

07.21 Green Energy Robin Hood: India Doubles Tax on Coal to Fund Solar and Wind

07.20 PROTESTERS URGE BROWN TO PROTECT CALIFORNIA’S WATER BY BANNING FRACKING

07.20 GERMANY LEADS THE WORLD IN ENERGY EFFICIENCY [map graphic, charts]

07.20 WHAT DOES THE EXPANDING SOLAR SECTOR MEAN TO GERMANY’S UTILITIES?

07.20 Boris Johnson: 'bollocks' to say Oxford Street has world's worst pollution

07.20 Death of Australian Pollution Levy Marks First U-Turn on Climate

News Media

07.21 Journalistic Malpractice: The Media Enables the Right-Wing Politicization of Science

Daily FAIR Blog
The Daily Howler

Justice Matters

07.23 "Conservative" judges are ganging up to steal your "affordable" healthcare

US Politics, Policy & Culture

07.22 The Senate flunks basic biology: Inside a disgraceful hearing

07.22 If the Left Wants Scapegoats, Just Look in the Mirror

07.22 Detroit residents fight back over water shutoff: 'It's a life-or-death situation'

07.21 5 Giant Un-American Corporations Trying to Bolt U.S. to Avoid Taxes

07.21 Talking Openly About Obama and Race

07.19 Full Show: The Crusade Against Reproductive Rights [24:26 video]

07.19 Can Obama Weather the Current Geopolitical Shitstorm?

07.19 'Run, Liz, run!' Elizabeth Warren plays down 2016 bid despite growing chorus

High Crimes?

07.17 Gaza: this shameful injustice will only end if the cost of it rises [Over 1,000 comments]

Economics, Crony Capitalism

07.23 Detroit, Other Cash-Strapped US Cities, States Slashing Pension Benefits While Subsidizing Professional Sports Stadiums

07.23 Top lawmaker wants corporate tax loophole 'plugged now'

07.22 Here's Why Wall Street Reform Is Still in Limbo

07.21 OECD predicts collapse of capitalism

International

07.23 Wall Street Journal Argument that Gazan Civilians Aren’t Innocent Is the Exact Same One Bin Laden Used To Justify 9/11

07.23 Ethiopia Becomes China’s China in Search for Cheap Labor

07.23 US and Germany hold restorative talks after series of spy scandals

07.22 The Waste of War

07.22 Israel hits hundreds of targets in Gaza as soldier is confirmed missing

07.22 Bloody Weekend in Gaza [42 photos]

07.22 New Surveillance Whistleblower: The NSA Violates the Constitution

07.21 What Has $121,000,000,000 US Aid to Israel Really Bought? [3:17 video]

07.21 A Damned Paradise: Does Haiti Need Tourism? Or Does It Need Justice?

07.21 MH17: world's anger at Russia grows as bodies pile on to train at crash site

07.21 Gaza crisis: UNSC and Obama call for immediate ceasefire – live updates

07.19 Needing Skilled Workers, a Booming Germany Woos Immigrants

07.19 Understanding What Hamas Wants

07.19 Russia Has Become Dangerous Again

07.19 I'm in love with New York, but I know how lucky Australians are

We are a non-profit Internet-only newspaper publication founded in 1973. Your donation is essential to our survival.

You can also mail a check to:
Baltimore News Network, Inc.
P.O. Box 42581
Baltimore, MD 21284-2581
Google
This site Web
  UNODC Makes the Case for Ending Cannabis Prohibition--Inadvertently
Newspaper logo

THE UNITED NATIONS' 2006 WORLD DRUG REPORT:

UNODC Makes the Case for Ending Cannabis Prohibition—Inadvertently

by JOHN HICKMAN
That “news coverage” is often nothing more than regurgitated news releases is hardly news. But completely missing a big story is news.
Official documents issued by the United Nations are often dull enough to induce sleep. Despite dealing with the most important of policy issues, U.N. documents normally rival the official publications of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development or the Federal Register as soporifics. Begin reading any randomly selected document issued by one of the many U.N. departments and offices and before long your eyes will probably glaze over and sleep softly beckon. That’s probably why the world press missed the chance to report that the United Nations Office of Drug Control, or UNODC, had inadvertently made the case for ending cannabis prohibition in its 2006 World Drug Report.

What the world press did report was what they were told to report. Rather than actually bother to read the 420 pages of the recently issued 2006 report, reporters gathered their information entirely from the short September 12, 2006 press release issued by the office of UNODC Executive Director Antonio Maria Costa. They dutifully treated the 59% increase in Afghani opium cultivation and the UNODC chief’s demand for robust military action to destroy it as the important news story.

That “news coverage” is often nothing more than regurgitated news releases is hardly news, of course. But completely missing a big story is news.

Granted, this year’s 6,100-ton Afghani opium harvest does deserve public attention. Poppy farmers in the southern provinces of Afghanistan have produced a bumper crop that will result in more heroin for sale around the world, and their runaway success signals the incompetence of the President Hamid Karzai’s government in Kabul. This is bad news, but hardly surprising news. Afghanistan watchers remember the jaw-dropping increase in opium production reported two years ago in the UNODC’s Afghanistan Opium Survey 2004. That too indicated nation-building in Afghanistan was a bust.

Had a single member of the world press read the ironically entitled “Cannabis: Why We Should Care” section in the middle of the 2006 World Drug Report, they might have scooped their colleagues with the discovery that the report’s authors had inadvertently laid out a convincing case for ending prohibition. After offering a plaintive appeal to treat cannabis cultivation and consumption as serious problems, this section of the report systematically undermines the logic of doing so.

After stipulating that cannabis is a relatively harmless and inexpensive intoxicant, the report presents statistics that the drug is grown and consumed everywhere and in very impressive quantities. Based on public polling data from 134 countries, the report explains that an estimated 4% of humanity enjoys the planet’s most popular illicit drug. There are good reasons to think that figure is an undercount. The authors admit that their estimates of quantities consumed make the 4% figure too low. What is more, given the entirely understandable reluctance of respondents in many societies to answer pollsters' questions about their illicit drug use, the survey's findings are probably too conservative. For example, only 3.5% of the respondents in a 2003 poll in Cambodia and only 1.1% of the respondents in a 2002 poll in Mexico said they used cannabis. Something about those numbers smells funny.

Still, 4% of humanity is 162 million people. To see that in perspective, note that if cannabis users comprised a single nation, it would have the sixth largest national population on the planet.

The highest rates of cannabis use are reported in Oceania. Papua New Guinea tops the list of countries with 29.5% of the population using cannabis, followed closely by Micronesia with 29.1%. The lowest rates are reported in East Asia. Only 0.1% of the Japanese and 0.5% of Taiwanese reportedly indulge.

After Oceania, the next highest rates were reported in North America, followed by West Africa and the Caribbean. Interestingly, the percentage range for the Anglo-Saxon countries is narrow. Canadians and Britons admit to using cannabis at rates of 16.8% and 10.8% respectively, with Australians, New Zealanders and Americans falling in between.

Presentation of cross-national price data and discussions of quality in the text seem to suggest that the authors might have intended to undermine the appeal to take prohibition more seriously. For example, readers learn that the herb is pricey in Japan, at almost $35 per gram, but relatively inexpensive in Kazakhstan, where “as much as 400,000 hectares of cannabis grow wild.” “Swaziland is known for producing high-quality cannabis,” according to the report, while, “Malawi is...world renowned for the quality of its cannabis.”

The authors go on to describe cannabis as an industry that is both enormous in scale and extraordinarily decentralized. The North America market may be worth anywhere from $10 billion to $60 billion annually. That’s a difference equivalent to the gross national incomes of either Nigeria or Ukraine. What’s more, nearly all of this cultivation takes place on small concealed plots so numerous that suppression of cultivation is futile.

In a world challenged by mass poverty, global warming, nuclear proliferation, and Islamist terrorism, what sense does it make to expend scarce government resources on enforcing the unenforceable?
Confronted with the evidence that a relatively inexpensive and harmless recreational drug continues to be consumed by at least 1 in 25 people on the planet, and that it is supplied by a vast army of small growers the value of whose total economic activity is enormous, ought to make even the most diehard pot prohibitionist hesitate. Cannabis prohibition is a failed policy. In a world challenged by mass poverty, global warming, nuclear proliferation, and Islamist terrorism, what sense does it make to expend scarce government resources on enforcing the unenforceable?

Unless you are member of the world press, the answer is obvious. If you are a member of the world press, you’ll have to wait for the press release.
John Hickman is associate professor of comparative politics at Berry College in Rome, Georgia. His published work on electoral politics, media, and international affairs has appeared in Asian Perspective, American Politics Research, Comparative State Politics, Contemporary South Asia, Contemporary Strategy, Current Politics and Economics of Asia, East European Quarterly, Journal of Southern Europe and the Balkans, Jouvert, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Political Science, Review of Religious Research, Women & Politics, and Yamanashigakuin Law Review. He may be reached at jhickman@berry.edu.



Copyright © 2006 The Baltimore Chronicle. All rights reserved.

Republication or redistribution of Baltimore Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without their prior written consent.

This story was published on September 15, 2006.
 


Public Service Ads: