Newspaper logo  
 
 
Local News & Opinion

Ref. : Civic Events

Ref. : Arts & Education Events

Ref. : Public Service Notices

Travel
Books, Films, Arts & Education

04.26 Why can’t we read anymore?

04.26 Are You Smarter Than an 8th Grader?

Letters
Open Letters:

Ref. : Letters to the editor

Health Care & Environment

04.27 Five billion people have no access to safe surgery

04.27 We need our leaders to speak out on climate change, not stay silent

04.26 In India, Profitable Farming With Fewer Chemicals

04.24 Hopes raised for new genetic therapy to prevent inherited diseases

04.24 Can this new blueprint for fossil fuel divestment stir industry to action?

04.23 Hundreds of Chinese Cities Don’t Meet Air Standards, Report Finds

04.23 Oceans are world's seventh largest economy worth $24tn, says WWF report

04.23 Natural Disasters: Preparing for the Big One

04.23 Water Wheel scoops 19 tons of Baltimore's Inner Harbor trash in one day [2:38 video]

04.23 Study Finds Low Cost in Reducing Methane Emissions

04.23 Catching Waves and Turning Them Into Electricity

News Media

Daily FAIR Blog
The Daily Howler

US Politics, Policy & Culture

04.27 Decline in U.S. science spending threatens economy, security: MIT

04.27 The GOP’s demonic alliance: How the religious right & big business are dumbing down America

04.26 Baltimore Freddie Gray protests turn violent as police and crowds clash

04.26 Zombies of 2016

04.25 Hillary Wants a Piece of the Elizabeth Warren Love Fest

04.25 Declassified Report Shows Doubts About Value of N.S.A.’s Warrantless Spying

04.25 'Freddie Gray was me': frustration with police simmers after death in Baltimore

04.25 Baltimore’s ‘Broken Relationship’ With Police

Justice Matters

04.21 The American Nightmare: Debbie Milke Recounts Life on Death Row

High Crimes?

04.24 Armenian genocide survivors' stories: 'My dreams cannot mourn'

Economics, Crony Capitalism

04.27 Opinion: How this debt-addicted world could go the way of the Mayans

04.26 The Revolution Will Not be Fast-Tracked

04.25 The Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Death of the Republic

04.23 Vietnam 40 years on: how a communist victory gave way to capitalist corruption

04.20 Iceland looks at ending boom and bust with radical money plan

International

04.27 Bill Maher, American hero: Laughing at religion is exactly what the world needs

04.27 Nepal earthquake: fears grow for uncontacted villages as more than 3,600 confirmed dead [1:31 video]

04.25 Angelina Jolie criticizes UN security council for paralysis over Syria

04.24 Seven Must-Read Stories (Week Ending April 25, 2015)

04.24 One Hundred Years of Silence: Turks Slowly Take Stock of Armenian Genocide

04.24 The $18bn arms race helping to fuel Middle East conflict

04.22 UN expert: rich countries must take in one million refugees to stop boat deaths

We are a non-profit Internet-only newspaper publication founded in 1973. Your donation is essential to our survival.

You can also mail a check to:
Baltimore News Network, Inc.
P.O. Box 42581
Baltimore, MD 21284-2581
Google
This site Web
  Happy is the Columnist who has no History
Newspaper logo

COMMENTARY:

Happy is the Columnist who has no History

by John Hickman
Historical analogies are usually flawed, but William F. Buckley's claim equating scientific consensus about global warming with the Inquisition is particularly absurd.
When William F. Buckley Jr. accuses respectable climate scientists and environmentalists of acting like the Spanish Inquisition, Americans ought to pay close attention. After all, what other living American knows as much about conducting an inquisition in America?

The conservative movement’s favorite public intellectual drew the parallel between the “whole business” of scientific consensus about the anthropocentric causes climate change and the Spanish Church’s 15th century campaign against heresy in his March 31st column in the National Review. Buckley asserts that the belief that “carbon-dioxide emissions threaten the basic ecological balance” is required in the same fashion that profession of belief in Christianity was required by the Spanish Inquisition.

Historical analogies are usually flawed, but this one is particularly absurd. Unlike the thousands of accused heretics who were “put to the question” by the Spanish Inquisition, the tiny number of dissenters from the scientific consensus on climate change do not fear punishment, let alone fear torture during interrogation. The United States reserves that practice for prisoners held at Guantanamo Bay or various CIA operated black sites.[i] Indeed, publicly dissenting from the scientific consensus on climate change is likely to be rewarded by Big Energy or its servants in the Bush administration or at the American Enterprise Institute.

If there had been no hysterical Red Scare in the Fifties, would Buckley and the rest of his ideological cohort ever have achieved national political influence?
What might explain the deployment of this peculiar historical parallel? Perhaps it is a way for Buckley to process repressed and disturbing psychic material. Remember that half a century ago he was leading young conservatives in defending the reputation of America’s own Tomas de Torquemada: Senator Joseph McCarthy. To read Buckley and L. Brent Bozell’s 1954 McCarthy and His Enemies [ii] is to be reminded of the extraordinary debt that the American conservative movement owes to this manic and repugnant demagogue. If there had been no hysterical Red Scare in the Fifties, would Buckley and the rest of his ideological cohort ever have achieved national political influence?

Perhaps Buckley is dealing with feelings of guilt about all the eggs broken during the McCarthy Era by displacing it onto climate scientists and environmentalists.
In McCarthy and His Enemies, Buckley and Bozell explicitly defend the government’s enforcement of political ideological conformity through the methods of the inquisition. They demand that security officers be given authority to purge any U.S. State Department employees deemed to “hinder our cause, whether this be their conscious aim or not.”[iii] They devote an entire chapter to defending the conformity that descended on American intellectual life in the Fifties through the vehicle of anti-communism. Buckley and Bozell write that, “we recognize that some coercive measures—i.e., restrictive sanctions of some sort—against dissidents are indispensable to the achievement of any conformity. Coercion takes different forms. It may be exercised through education, through social pressure, or through laws. But it must be exercised in one form or another if naturally diverse minds are to form a common tendency.”[iv] In effect, like so many authoritarians before and since, they argued that you have to break a few eggs to make an omelet. So perhaps Buckley is dealing with feelings of guilt about all the eggs broken during the McCarthy Era by displacing it onto climate scientists and environmentalists.

Before dismissing this little exercise in 'attack Freudianism,' consider what prompts the anxiety that many conservatives express about the scientific consensus on climate change. The predicted consequences of global warming paint a picture of inexorable catastrophe, against which the usual political tools of conservatism are irrelevant. Elites who made their political careers trading in fear and hatred of the Other are threatened with obsolescence by an environmental problem threatening most of humanity. Responding effectively to manifold problems caused by global warming will likely require national and international efforts dwarfing those of the Cold War. Even if the national and international response is ineffective it will expose the emptiness of the conservative intellectual tool kit. Solving collective-action problems means cooperation, and neither justifying nor organizing cooperation is not a conservative strength. That explains why the primary rhetorical ploy conservatives are now offering in service to Big Energy is denial. Despite the tendency to discount the future, they must know that denial will not save them from the coming floods.


John Hickman is associate professor of comparative politics at Berry College in Rome, Georgia. His published work on electoral politics, media, and international affairs has appeared in Asian Perspective, American Politics Research, Comparative State Politics, Contemporary South Asia, Contemporary Strategy, Current Politics and Economics of Asia, East European Quarterly, Journal of Southern Europe and the Balkans, Jouvert, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Political Science, Review of Religious Research, Women & Politics, and Yamanashigakuin Law Review. He may be reached at jhickman@berry.edu.

NOTES:
[i]That the Spanish Inquisition employed its own form of the water torture that is now called “waterboarding” makes this a much better historical analogy.

[ii]William F. Buckley and L. Brent Bozell. 1954. McCarthy and His Enemies: The Record and its Meaning. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.

[iii]Ibid, p. 252.

[iv]Ibid, pp. 317-318.

































Copyright © 2007 The Baltimore Chronicle. All rights reserved.

Republication or redistribution of Baltimore Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without their prior written consent.

This story was published on April 6, 2007.
 


Public Service Ads: