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03.16 The Guardian view on air pollution: moral pusillanimity, political ineptitude

03.16 Pollutionwatch: Cold snap worsens particle load of air

03.16 Energy sector must use new tech to ensure the vulnerable aren't left behind

03.16 It's 50 years since climate change was first seen. Now time is running out

03.15 WHO launches health review after microplastics found in 90% of bottled water [health risks are being assessed]

03.14 World’s great forests could lose half of all wildlife as planet warms – report [ho-hum...]

03.14 Sky-high prices of everything make US healthcare the world's most expensive [legal corruption of government Makes America Less Great Again, and more of a mafia-state]

03.13 Microplastic pollution in oceans is far worse than feared, say scientists

03.13 Krill fishing poses serious threat to Antarctic ecosystem, report warns [What's the cheapest and easiest way to kill all life here? I know, let's...]

03.12 Climate change is a disaster foretold, just like the first world war

03.12 Arizona Utility Opts for Solar and Storage to Meet Peak Demand

03.10 20,000 Scientists are Deeply Alarmed about Humanity and So should you Be [Letter Warning Humanity]

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03.15 Verizon Will Fix Broadband Networks, Landlines to Resolve Investigation [Will Trump's judges help or hurt The Public in situations like this?]

03.13 11 Mayors Applauded for Refusing to Do Business With Companies That Don't Support Net Neutrality

03.10 Neo-McCarthyism in the Age of Goebbelists: the Sad, Sad State of Mainstream Media

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US Politics, Policy & 'Culture'

03.16 Package Bombs Are Killing People in Texas but Donald Trump Hasn’t Said a Thing. There’s a Reason for That.

03.16 N.R.A. Proposes Having Second Armed Teacher in Every Classroom to Stop First Armed Teacher from Misfiring

03.16 Cash in: the rich guys in Trump's cabinet who can't resist public money [morals and rules for behavior are for little people]

03.16 Mueller subpoenas Trump Organization for documents related to Russia – report

03.15 Blasting #BankLobbyistAct, Warren Unveils "The Ending Too Big to Jail Act" to Fight Wall Street Greed

03.15 'Enough': US students come together in spectacular walkout to end gun violence [the world rolls their eyes]

03.14 Gowdy breaks from GOP committee, says Russia worked to undermine Clinton [A moral Republican with backbone has been found! Is that why he's quitting politics?]

03.14 ‘Trump, Inc.’ Podcast: Where’d Trump’s Record Inauguration Spending Go? ‘It’s Inexplicable’ [podcast]

03.14 Break the Duopoly

03.14 'Recipe for War': Experts Warn Pick of Pompeo Intensifies Risk of US Attack on Iran

03.14 Trump Picks 'Actual Torturer' Gina Haspel as Next CIA Director

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03.14 Manafort could face ‘rest of life in prison,’ judge says

High Crimes?


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03.11 Capital Inequity: Conditioned to Accept Collective Enslavement and Self-Nullification

International & Futurism

03.16 The long read: Vladimir Putin’s politics of eternity

03.16 Australian man who raped Indian orphans released immediately after conviction

03.15 Finland is the happiest country in the world, says UN report

03.15 Busting the Myth of ‘Welfare Makes People Lazy’ [Are all conservative economic theories based on anecdotal gossip of ill-informed, often-biased people? There does seem to be a pattern...]

03.15 Donald Trump admits making up 'facts' in trade meeting with Justin Trudeau [“Stupid is as stupid does.” –Forrest Gump]

03.15 Can we fix it? The repair cafes waging war on throwaway culture

03.15 Spy poisoning: allies back UK and blast Russia at UN security council [videos]

03.14 Rodrigo Duterte to pull Philippines out of international criminal court

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  It Takes Government to Create a Reading Crisis


It Takes Government to Create a Reading Crisis

by Sheldon Richman
Despite what the state's teachers and experts might imply, learning to read is not that difficult. Children used to teach themselves with only light guidance from a parent. It takes a government to create a national reading crisis.
When Horace Mann and his colleagues launched the public-school movement some 175 years ago, they made extravagant promises. Turn the education of children over to enlightened altruistic experts working under government auspices, they said, and illiteracy, vice, and crime will become things of the past.

I'm not kidding.

Most people don't know about these promises, so they don't know how badly the government's schools have failed by their own standards. Apologists for state schooling often defend their abysmal record by saying that no one should expect the government's teachers and administrators to efficiently educate children who bring all of society's problems with them to the classroom. But that's what the founders of what used to be called the "common school" pledged.

The broken promises continue. The schools have a hard time teaching reading. Consider the U.S. Department of Education's latest literacy figures. The department's press release began thus: "American adults can read a newspaper or magazine about as well as they could a decade ago, but have made significant strides in performing literacy tasks that involve computation, according to the first national study of adult literacy since 1992." Of course, this raises the question of how well adults could read a newspaper or magazine a decade ago. Therein lies the tale.

The department defines literacy as "using printed and written information to function in society, to achieve one's goals, and to develop one's knowledge and potential." Now let's look at what percentage of high-school graduates, college graduates, and graduate-school students and degree-holders qualified as "proficient" in the three kinds of tasks used in the study. The three tasks are "prose," able to perform tasks using continuous texts; "document," able to perform tasks using noncontinuous texts in different formats; and "quantitative," able to do computations with numbers embedded in printed material. "Proficiency" is defined as having the "skills necessary to perform more complex and challenging literacy activities."

According to the study, in 1992, 5.3 percent of the high-school graduates tested were proficient in the three kinds of tasks. In the latest study (2003) this percentage dropped to 4.6.

For college graduates the percentages were 36 in 1992 and 29 in 2003.

For graduate students or holders of graduate degrees, the percentage went from 45 to 36.

When the three kinds of tasks are broken down, we find no improvement in the ten years. The best that can be said is that in a couple of categories, the results were unchanged.

Results were slightly different for changes in the "intermediate" literacy category, defined as having skills to perform "moderately challenging literacy activities." The percentage of high-school graduates in this category declined slightly from 44 to 42 in the ten years. For college graduates and graduate-level students, there were increases, from 48 to 53 for the former category and from 45 to 50 for the latter.

When you look at the percentages in the basic literacy and below-basic categories for high-school and college graduates and graduate-level students, the results are downright depressing. In many cases the ranks of these categories have grown; in others they improved a little or stayed the same.

This is hardly a ringing endorsement of government schooling. Despite what the state's teachers and experts might imply, learning to read is not that difficult. Children used to teach themselves with only light guidance from a parent. It takes a government to create a national reading crisis.

These results will undoubtedly be used to justify more government spending on education. President Bush is proposing more than a $100 million to promote education in foreign languages--in the name of fighting terrorism. (Oh, please!) It is time we stopped being fooled by the people who are responsible for the education mess. As if we needed more evidence, this latest study shows that it's time to separate school and state.

Sheldon Richman is senior fellow at The Future of Freedom Foundation ( in Fairfax, Va., author of Tethered Citizens: Time to Repeal the Welfare State, and editor of The Freeman magazine.

Copyright © 2006 The Baltimore Chronicle. All rights reserved.

Republication or redistribution of Baltimore Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without their prior written consent.

This story was published on January 12, 2006.


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